Courses a.y. 2023/2024

I currently teach International Law, Law International Trade and Investment Law, Topics in International and European Law, Comparative Business and European Law, and National and International Institutions Law (at Bocconi).

Biographical note

M.sc in Economics and Business Administration from Bocconi University (magna cum laude) and M.sc in Law (J.D. equivalent) from the University of Pavia (magna cum laude). LL.M from the University of Cambridge. Ph.D. in International Law and Economics from Bocconi University (magna cum laude). Attorney-at-Law at the Milan Bar.

At Bocconi, I am a Faculty Member of the Ph.D. in Legal Studies, a Fellow at BAFFI CAREFIN (Centre for Applied Research on International Markets, Banking, Finance, and Regulation), a Research Fellow at the Institute for European Policymaking, and a member of the Bocconi Covid Crisis Lab. I’m co-editor in chief of the Bocconi Legal Papers Research Series. I am also an Adjunct Professor of International Law at the City University of Hong Kong. 

In 2021, the Italian National Scientific Committee unanimously declared me a Full Professor of International Law. In 2018, I was unanimously declared an Associate Professor of International Law.

In 2019, I was a Fulbright Grant Researcher at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. From 2020-2021, I was a visiting professor at the School of Transnational Law at Peking University, and from 2022-2023, I was a visiting professor at the Singapore Management University, Yong Pung How School of Law. In July 2023, I was appointed External Ethics Advisor to the Ethics Committee of the Boards of Directors of the African Development Bank Group. In 2016-2017 and 2017-2018, I was a Visiting Scholar at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.

Before joining Bocconi University, I was an Associate Lawyer at the Regulatory Department of Grande Stevens Law firm in Milan. Apart from my academic appointments, I have served the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as a Technical Assistance Specialist (2011-2013) and authored and co-authored reports commissioned by the Council of Europe, the European Commission, the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Since 2011, I have participated in technical assistance programs led by the European Commission, the Council of Europe, the IMF, and the Inter-American Development Bank, with field missions in Greece, Vietnam, Panama, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Georgia. I was a member of the Italian delegation to the V Conference of State Parties of the United Nations Convention against Corruption. 

Since May 2024, I am Lead Expert at the UNDP’s Global Programme, Governance for People and Planet (G4PP) –Compliance and effectiveness of global anti-corruption measures, norms and standards.


I have lately edited and contributed to the Special Issue: The Resurgence of the State as an Economic Actor, published in 24(1) German Law Journal (2023).

Below are the Introductory Editorial and Special Issue links.

Editorial: https://germanlawjournal.com/editorial-volume-24-no-1/ 

Special Issue (Open Access): https://germanlawjournal.com/volume-24-issue-1/

For my article Deepening International Systems of Subsidy Control in EU PTAs: A Comparative Analysis. Normative Rationales and Legal Implications, in 23(3) Columbia Journal of European Law, 2016/17, 551, in May 2019, I received the ‘Leonardo Da Vinci Medal,’ awarded by the Conference of University Rectors for the best scientific or artistic original work by a young Italian researcher, as well as the University Bocconi Legal Studies Award 2018. The article is available here

My study, A Data-Driven Study: Compliance Mechanisms as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Tool for the Evolution of the International Anti-Corruption Cooperation, is forthcoming in 22(2)  ICON-International Constitutional Law Journal (2024).

I have recently contributed to the book International Courts versus Non-Compliance Mechanisms. Comparative Advantages in Strengthening Treaty Compliance (Cambridge University Press, 2024), edited by Cristina Voigt & Caroline Foster, with a chapter titled Monitoring Compliance in International Criminal Law. The book is golden open access, which means that, thank to the Pluricourts' support, the text is freely available for all readers from the CUP website at this link: https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/international-courts-versus-noncompliance-mechanisms/832980EC405E5DD59FE60664EFFD1B8B 




Research interests

I am a generalist public international lawyer with a keen interest in international economic law. Beyond this field, I have worked on a variety of specialist areas, such as the law of treaties; UN maintenance of international peace and security; international criminal law; human rights; and the law of the EU (External action; Common commercial policy, Competition policy).

My research has been published or is forthcoming in journals such as the European Journal of International Law, Leiden Journal of International Law, Virginia Journal of International Law, American Journal of International Law, German Law Journal ,Revue générale de droit international public, Journal of International Criminal Justice, Columbia Journal of European Law, International Journal of Constitutional Law ICON, NYU Journal of International Law & Politics and Yearbook of European Law. For my article Deepening International Systems of Subsidy Control in EU PTAs: A Comparative Analysis. Normative Rationales and Legal Implications, (with C. Dordi), in 23(3) Columbia Journal of European Law, 2016/17, 551, in May 2019, I received the ‘Leonardo Da Vinci Medal’, awarded for the best scientific or artistic original work by an Italian young researcher, as well as the University Bocconi Legal Studies Award 2018.

Selected Publications

Leonardo Borlini
The Security Council and non-state domestic actors: changes in non-forcible measures between international lawmaking and peacebuilding

Borlini, Leonardo; Kolb, Robert
Le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies et les entités non étatiques

Leonardo Borlini
On financial nationalism and international law. sovereignty, cooperation and hard/soft governance in international finance

Borlini, Leonardo
When the Leviathan goes to the market: a critical evaluation of the rules governing state-owned enterprises in trade agreements

Borlini, Leonardo
Il Consiglio di sicurezza e gli individui

Borlini, Leonardo
Regulating criminal finance in the EU in the light of the international instruments

Borlini, Leonardo; Dordi, Claudio
Deepening international systems of subsidy control: the (different) legal regimes of subsidies in the EU bilateral PTAs.

Borlini, Leonardo
Soft law, soft organizations e regolamentazione ‘tecnica’ di problemi di sicurezza pubblica e integrità finanziaria

Arnone, Marco; Borlini, Leonardo
Corruption: Economic Analysis and International Law

Borlini, Leonardo
Methodological issues of the “More Economic Approach” to unilateral exclusionary conduct. Proposal of analysis starting from the treatment of retroactive rebates

Leonardo Borlini
The Covid 19 Exogenous Shock and the Crafting of New Multilateral Trade Rules on Subsidies and State Enterprises in the Post-Pandemic World
24(1) German Law Journal, 2023, 72–101, 2023